Republic of Rwanda

Agriculture in the Republic of RwandaPolitical stability, zero tolerance for corruption, rule of law, democratic governance and extremely low crime rates are all results of a nation committed to its rapid transformation and growth Rwanda today has been rebuilt since the traumatic events of 1994 into a thriving, safe and green country

The capital city of Kigali is representative of this turnaround – a clean and green city, with the lowest crime of any capital in the region, Kigali was the winner of UN Habitat Award (2008) the highest award for an urban area.


Rwanda is a country of only 28 338 sq km but with a population of nine million. This population density of over 300 people/sq km is the highest in Africa. The fertility rate is high and the population has been increasing at an annual rate of about 2.8%. The population is therefore expected to reach 12 million by the year 2012. This is straining development, equitable distribution of resources, and agriculture, which is the mainstay of the economy of the country. Population control is therefore one of the government’s top priorities.60% of the population of the country live in rural areas, where there is high level of poverty. However, there is also high level of education of over 68%. It is expected that if the country continues with its reforms and market economy approach the future for development looks good.

Basic Facts

    • Land Area: 26,340 square Kilometers
    • Rainfall: Rainy seasons: March – May and October – November(Average of 110-200 mm. per month)
    • Average Temperature: 24.6 – 27.6ºc. Hottest months: August, September
    • Altitude: Ranges from 1000-4500m above sea level
    • Main water bodies: Lake Kivu, Lake Muhazi, Lake Ihema, Lake Bulera, Lake Ruhondo, Lake Mugesera
    • Vegetation: ranges from dense equatorial forest in the north-west of the country to tropical savannah in the east
    • Main National Parks/Animal Reserves: Akagera and Virunga Volcanoes National Parks
    • Highest point: Karisimbi volcano (4,507m)
    • Borders: Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and Democratic Republic of Congo to the west

Rwanda is a landlocked country situated in central Africa. Also known as ’the land of a thousand hills’, Rwanda has five volcanoes, twenty-three lakes and numerous rivers, some forming the source of the River Nile. The country lies 75 miles south of the equator in the Tropic of Capricorn, 880 miles ’as the crow flies’ west of the Indian Ocean and 1,250 miles east of the Atlantic Ocean – literally in the heart of Africa. Rwanda is bordered by Uganda to the north, Tanzania to the east, Burundi to the south and the democratic republic of Congo to the west

Anyone visiting ’the land of a thousand hills’ is in for a multitude of surprises. The loveliness and variety of the landscapes in this ’green country’ is dominated to the north by volcanoes and bordered by Lake Kivu to the west. In Rwanda the great animals of the wild are protected from poachers and roam free in the vast national parks. The Volcanoes National park in the Virunga volcanic mountains with its high altitude forests, are world famous for mountain gorillas – timid and passive family oriented giants – which is teeming with wildlife both large and small, while Lake Kivu to the west offers beautiful beaches, jutting pennisulas and an archipelago of islands


      • Northern Province
      • Eastern Province
      • Western Province
      • Southern Province
      • Kigali CityInvest in Rwanda:
      • Strong macroeconomic growth
      • Stable governance climate
      • Investor friendly and open for business
      • A gateway to East Africa and the continent
      • Abundance of opportunities