Republic of Uganda

Oil rig in Republic of UgandaUganda, twice the size of the state of Pennsylvania, USA is in East Africa. It is bordered on the west by Congo, on the north by the Sudan, on the east by Kenya, and on the south by Tanzania and Rwanda. The country, which lies across the equator, is divided into three main areas—swampy lowlands, a fertile plateau with wooded hills, and a desert region. Lake Victoria forms part of the southern border. The country’s land area is 77, 108 Sq. Miles (199,710 Sq. KM), and a total area of 91,135 Sq. KM. Its capital and largest city is Kampala ( According to the 2003 estimates, Kampala metro area has population of 1, 461, 600 and Kampala (city proper) has a population of 1,244,000. In General Uganda’s population according to 2009 estimates is 32,369,558 with a growth rate of 2.7%, birth rate 47.8/1000, infant mortality rate 64.8/1000, life expectancy 52.7 years and population density of 392 per square mile.

Uganda is governed under the constitution of 1995 as amended. The president, who is both head of state and head of government, is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The unicameral legislature consists of the 332-seat National Assembly, whose members also serve for five years; 215 of the members are directly elected, and the rest are nominated from women, the army, and other groups. Administratively, the country is divided into 80 districts, grouped into four regions (Northern, Western, Central, and Eastern). Politically, the country is under multiparty system of government since 2005, when parties were allowed again to form under a new political dispensation. Current Central Administration


Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (Jan. 1986 – Current)

Vice President

H.E Edward Ssekandi

Prime Minister

Rt Hon. Dr Ruhakana Rugunda – Head of Government Business in Parliament and supervises of all ministries that form the cabinet.

Headed by a Speaker and deputy Speaker
Parliament is also organized under commissions and committees to run the affairs of that body.


Headed by Chief Justice and deputy Chief Justice

Local Government
Headed by the Ministry of Local Government
District Councils are headed by a Council Chairman (LC5) with a local council that composed of a chamber of councilors.
Council representation is disseminated from the district to village levels.


About 500 B.C. Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to the area now called Uganda. By the 14th century, three kingdoms dominated, Buganda (meaning “state of the Gandas”), Bunyoro, and Ankole. Uganda was first explored by Europeans as well as Arab traders in 1844. An Anglo-German agreement of 1890 declared it to be in the British sphere of influence in Africa, and the Imperial British East Africa Company was chartered to develop the area. The company did not prosper financially, and in 1894 a British protectorate was proclaimed. Few Europeans permanently settled in Uganda, but it attracted many Indians, who became important players in Ugandan commerce. Uganda became independent on Oct. 9, 1962. Sir Edward Mutesa, the king of Buganda (Mutesa II), was elected the first president, and Milton Obote the first prime minister, of the newly independent country. With the help of a young army officer, Col. Idi Amin, Prime Minister Obote seized control of the government from President Mutesa four years later.


The economy of Uganda, which was devastated during the Idi Amin regime of the 1970s and the subsequent civil war, made a significant comeback beginning in the mid-1980s, when economic reforms aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings were undertaken. The country is overwhelmingly agricultural, and farming employs over 80% of the workforce. Most of the farms are small in size. The chief food crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, corn, millet, and pulses. The principal cash crops are coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cut flowers, and sugarcane. Large numbers of poultry, cattle, goats, and sheep are raised. There is a sizable fishing industry, and much hardwood (especially mahogany) is cut.

Copper ore, once the leading mineral resource, has been virtually mined out. Other minerals extracted on a small scale include cobalt, tin and iron ores, beryl, tungsten, and gold. Uganda’s few manufactures are limited mainly to processed agricultural goods, but they also include textiles, chemical fertilizer, and steel. There is a large hydroelectric plant (Nalubaale Power Station) at Owen Falls, located on the Victoria Nile where it leaves Lake Victoria.

Uganda has two main rail lines; one traverses the southern part of the country, the other connects Tororo on the Kenya border with Gulu in the north. The country is linked by rail with Mombasa, Kenya, on the Indian Ocean. The annual value of Uganda’s imports is usually considerably higher than the value of its exports. The principal exports are coffee (which accounts for the bulk of export revenues), fish and fish products, tea, cotton, horticultural products, and gold. The leading imports are capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies, and cereals. The main trade partners are Kenya, European Union countries, the United Arab Emirates, and South Africa. Investment in Uganda is organized and promoted by the Uganda Investment Authority (

More Facts & Figures:
Languages: English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Ethnicity/race: Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8% Religions: Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Islam 16%, indigenous beliefs 18% Literacy rate: 70% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2007 est.): $29.04 billion; per capita $900. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation: 6.8%. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 22%. Agriculture: coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry. Labor force: 14.02 (2007 est.) million; agriculture 82%, industry 5%, services 13% (1999 est.). Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production. Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land. Exports: $768 million f.o.b. (2005 est.): coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold. Imports: $1.608 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.): capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals. Major trading partners: Kenya, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Germany, Rwanda, U.S., UAE, South Africa, India, China, UK, Japan (2004). Major Local Currency: Uganda Shillings (UShs.) Current Exchange rate (March 2010 est. $1 = UShs. 2100) International Airport: Located in Entebbe at the shores of Lake Victoria

Uganda is a Member of the Commonwealth of Nations

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 50,074; however, 80,868 main lines were installed (1998); mobile cellular: 9,000 (1998). Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001). Radios: 5 million (2001). Television broadcast stations: 8 (plus one low-power repeater) (2001). Televisions: 500,000 (2001). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000). Internet users: 60,000 (2002).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,241 km (2002). Highways: total: 27,000 km; paved: 1,809 km; unpaved: 25,191 km (1999 est.). Waterways: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward, Victoria Nile, Albert Nile. Ports and harbors: Entebbe, Jinja, Port Bell. Airports: 27 (2002).

International disputes: Tutsi, Hutu, and other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces continue fighting in the Great Lakes region, transcending the boundaries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda to gain control over populated areas and natural resources; government heads pledge to end conflict, but localized violence continues despite UN peacekeeping efforts; conflict in Sudan has extended rebel forces and refugees into Uganda.

Other useful links:

Business Operating Environment in Uganda
Ministry of Defence
Uganda Export Promotion Board 
Uganda Tourist Board
Bank of Uganda
Ministry of Finance, Planning & Economic Development
Ministry of Information Communications Technology (ICT)
Privatisation Unit
Uganda Bureau of Statistics
Uganda Manufacturers Association
The Private Sector Foundation (PSF)
The British Chambers of Commerce
Electricity Regulatory Authority (ERA)
East African Community Headquarters (EACHQ)
National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Global Technology Network (GTN)